NGO Jobs in Rwanda

Country Brief- Rwanda

Rwanda has achieved impressive development progress since the 1994 genocide and civil war.It is now consolidating gains in social development and accelerating growth and, ensuring that they are broadly shared to mitigate risks to eroding its hard-won political and social stability. Central to Rwanda’s goal of ensuring inclusive development is the implementation of its 2006 Fiscal and Financial Decentralization Policy, which aims to provide equitable, efficient and effective pro-poor service delivery, while promoting local development in an environment of good governance. It seeks to foster citizens’ participation and empowerment as well as transparency and (upward/downward) accountability.Rwanda’s approach to promoting inclusive and stable politics and governance appears to be working. The country is at peace and among the most stable on the continent.

Economy and Development

Rwanda’s long-term development goals are embedded in its Vision 2020 which seeks to transform Rwanda from a low-income agriculture-based economy to a knowledge-based, service-oriented economy by 2020. It envisages real growth of eight percent annually, to be achieved through: (i) deepening reforms, including in the business environment; (ii) investing in major infrastructure (power, transport, and ICT); (iii) increasing agricultural productivity; and (iv) investing in skills development needed for economic modernization. 

Within this long term vision, the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS) assigns the highest priority to accelerating growth to create employment and generate exports.  The strategy is framed around three strategic flagship programs:

Flagship one (Growth) targets economy-wide improvements in productivity.  Its goal is to transform Rwanda’s economy from subsistence agriculture towards increased commercial agriculture, as well as manufacturing and services.
Flagship two (Vision 2020 Umurenge) focuses on ensuring growth is shared by creating economic opportunities for the poorest Rwandans.  It has three components: (i) public works; (ii) credit packages; and (iii) direct supports.
Flagship three (Governance) seeks to strengthen political and economic governance, and build institutions and capacity of the state.  It envisages a wide range of reforms to strengthen public sector institutions and capacity and also includes aspects needed to create an attractive business environment including strengthening commercial justice systems, regulatory and administrative frameworks, and promoting principles of good corporate governance.

The Government also recognizes the key role of the private sector in accelerating growth and reducing poverty, and is therefore looking for innovative ways to finance its development beyond traditional partners and instruments. It has accordingly been undertaking reforms to improve the business environment and reduce costs of doing business. The country was named top -performer in the Doing Business 2010 report and in 2011, it included Rwanda in the list of the ten most-improved economies.

Rwanda’s economy remained resilient over the five years to 2010, sustaining macroeconomic stability. It experienced a slightly delayed impact of the global economic crisis but is already showing signs of recovery.  According to the IMF, real GDP growth fell to 4.1 percent in 2009 from 11.2 percent in 2008, but is expected to rebound to 6.5 percent in 2010.  Growth in 2009 was mainly driven by agriculture, with a rate of 7.7 percent.  The expected recovery in 2010 will be driven by a rebound in growth in services and construction in addition to continued growth in agriculture.  The average growth rate of 2006-10 is estimated at 7.3 percent annually.

In 2010, inflation declined and converged over the year to pre-crisis levels. As of December 2010, Consumer Index Price (CPI) was 0.2 percent retreating from its peak level of 22.3 percent at end-2008. Year-on-year inflation reached 2.3 percent and 1.5 percent respectively for headline and underlying inflation driven by sustained good performance in domestic food production and a decline in import prices.

About 50.0 percent of Rwanda’s budget is financed by aid, adding up to about 12.0 percent of GDP. Revenues are still among the lowest in the East African Region, projected to be 13.6 percent of GDP in 2010/11. The Government set itself a very ambitious revenue target and plans to increase revenue between 2009/10 and 2012/13 by two percent of GDP through a number of tax administration reforms. Simultaneously, dependence on donor aid is expected to decrease, with official grants predicted to decline slightly from 12.5 percent of GDP in 2009/10 to 10.1 percent of GDP by 2012/13.In 2010, Exports growth exceeded the increase in imports, narrowing the trade deficit marginally. The trade deficit is expected to narrow to around 16.0 percent from 17.1 percent of GDP in 2009. Export values reported a 33.2 percent increase benefiting from high prices at international market for key export crops, namely coffee and tea. Import volumes increased by 17.7 percent while the value rose by 8.8 percent. This trend was mainly due to the increase in volume recorded by consumer and intermediary goods. The current account deficit is expected to deteriorate to around 8.3 percent of GDP in 2010. Going forward, the high trade deficit and low exports are key challenges that Rwanda needs to overcome in order to achieve its objectives of becoming a lower middle-income economy by 2020. 

Development Challenges

Lack of more recent poverty data prevents an assessment whether the high growth of 2005-2008 translated into significant poverty reduction in Rwanda. In November 2010 a new improved national household survey, the EICV 3, was launched, which is based on a monthly rolling survey to adequately address seasonality. It will deliver updated poverty numbers by 2012.  According to the most recent national household survey, the Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey (EICV 2), carried out in 2006, 56.8 percent of the population in Rwanda lived below the national poverty line. Furthermore, with a population growth of about 2.7 percent annually, Rwanda needs to achieve GDP growth of eight percent per annum to make a significant dent in poverty. The economy is still dominated by low productivity subsistence agriculture which contributes over 36 percent of GDP, 80 percent of employment and 45 percent of exports. Expensive and limited supply of energy—electricity costs $0.22 per kWh compared to $0.08-$0.10 in the rest of the region—and high transport costs at $165 per ton per km compared to $95 per ton per km in the rest of the region, significantly raise the costs of doing business in Rwanda. Key labor market skills are also lacking—almost 75 percent of Rwanda’s labor force is unskilled and less than 10 percent of its working population is educated beyond primary level. There are still major challenges in service delivery at the district level, caused by weak administrative capacity in the areas of targeting, upward reporting, and program monitoring.

Source - World Bank

NGO Jobs in Rwanda -International Development, NGOs jobs in Butare, Byumba, Cyangugu, Gisenyi, Gitarama, Kibeho, Kibungo, Kibuye, Kigali, Nyanza, Ruhengeri, Rwamagana, Gikongoro, Gasarenda.



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